Remove Rats From Your Home

Rats can be a major nuisance in the home. Unfortunately, you may not notice signs of rats until there is a large infestation, at which point it is more difficult to eradicate the rats. Rodents, such as rats, can wreak havoc, contaminate food, and spread disease.

Roof rats and Norway rats are the two most common rodent pests in North America. Roof rats have slender bodies and smooth grey coats, weighing only 7 ounces. Their pointed snouts and large, hairless ears are also distinguishing characteristics. Norway rats have shaggy brown coats, blunt snouts, thick bodies, and short dark-haired ears. They weigh about 11 ounces and have shaggy brown coats, blunt snouts, thick bodies, and short ears.

snaptrap for rats

Michelle Becker’s The Spruce

Three Rat-Removal Techniques

Rat control is similar to mouse control, but on a much larger scale. Traps are commonly used and, if not set and forget, are generally effective. Rat traps must be inspected on a regular basis because they are designed to kill and/or capture the pest. A dead or dying rat, or a food bait, can attract secondary insects and lead to an infestation. Rat traps should be placed in areas where rat signs are visible, as well as in out-of-the-way, hidden locations, such as attics or basements, and near food sources. Compared to mousetraps, rat traps are much larger and more dangerous. Always keep traps out of reach of children or pets to avoid accidental triggering.

Rat-sized wooden or plastic traps are the cheapest and most effective way to kill rats. Use a larger snap trap labelled for rat control when catching a rat with a snap trap. The small mouse traps are unlikely to kill or hold the rat, and instead may cause just click the next document rodent to suffer inhumanely.

Traps in Action

Rodents have a natural desire to investigate and wiggle into holes, which is exploited by live traps. Rodents can enter but not exit these traps. A wind-up mechanism triggered by touch is frequently used to accomplish this. When the rodent enters the hole, the mechanism snaps it to the opposite side of the trap, capturing it. These traps need to be checked and emptied on a regular basis. Furthermore, once caught, the rodent must be humanely killed or released in a location where it will not reenter the house or cause harm to others.

Bait stations are a type of bait station that is used to attract

Bait stations are enclosed, self-contained devices that contain an approved rodenticide in the form of a block or paste. Due to the risk of accidental poisoning of children and pets, rodenticide pellets and other loose forms are not approved for consumer use. 1. The rat is not caught by the station’s traps. Instead, it has a rodenticide in it, which attracts the rodent to the station’s entrance. The rat enters, eats some of the bait, and then dies by exiting through the station’s exit hole (hopefully outdoors away from the house, but this is not always the case). Because the bait is completely contained within the station, it is safe for children and non-target animals to come into contact with it or eat it. Stations are either refillable or non-refillable, and rodenticide must be included in the package; it cannot be purchased separately.

4:09 How to Get Rid of Rats in Your House

rodenticide tablets and a rat trap

Michelle Becker’s The Spruce

Rats: Why Do They Exist?

Rats seek out houses for the same reasons mice do: food and shelter. They’re constantly on the lookout for a good hideaway, and they’re always hungry. Rats will find food (both human and pet food) if it is readily available, and they will want to stay. Rats, like mice, prefer to hide in the shadows and enter homes through holes or cracks in the basement, foundation, or garage. Rats can squeeze through holes as small as a quarter or slightly smaller than an inch. Roof rats congregate in high places and frequently enter homes through tree branches that extend over roofs.

Rats multiply by having babies once they’ve nested in your home. Rats have multiple nests and form family units with a male, multiple females, and any new babies. They can start reproducing at the age of three months and live for about a year.

Rats: How to Keep Them Out

Making your home uninviting and inhospitable is the best way to prevent rats from becoming your roommates. Hole and gaps in walls, as well as along the eaves of the roof, are alluring. Their preferred forms of hospitality are plentiful food and water sources. While you can’t completely prevent rats from entering your home (they’re cunning, persistent, and physically strong), you can make it less appealing by sealing holes, cracks, gaps, and other potential entry points in exterior walls, soffits, roof vents, chimneys, and any other element that leads to a safe haven. Fill small gaps with expanding spray foam and large holes with galvanised hardware cloth, plywood, cement board, siding, or another exterior-rated material. Damaged or missing crawlspace and attic vents are another easy entry point into a home; cover them with hardware cloth.

Remove any leaves or debris piles from your home’s exterior, particularly those near the house, and keep all trash in covered cans. Tree limbs should be pruned away from the roof and walls. Stacks of firewood should be kept out of the way of the house.

Keep pet food in sealed containers, fix leaky outdoor faucets, eliminate standing water (which breeds mosquitoes), and keep the house clean to eliminate potential food and water sources for rats. If you can’t keep food out in the open or in the fridge, keep it in covered bins. Rats are particularly interested in long-term food storage caches.


What Are the Signs That My House Is Infested With Rats?

Rat presence can be detected by looking for the following signs:

Rats, alive or not

Droppings, particularly near human or pet food, as well as in or near trash cans.

Scratching sounds from the attic, for example, are heard in the dark.

In hidden areas, there are nests or piled nesting materials.

Wires or structural wood that have been gnawed

Burrows in the yard, under the house, or under the outbuildings

Fruits on trees that have been gnawed

Rodent hairs or smudge marks on walls, in nests, or near food

Rats can either set off the traps themselves (without being caught in them) or eat the mice caught in the traps.

Roof Rats: Where Do They Live/Travel?

This rat prefers to live in higher places and on higher levels of the house, as its name suggests. Their faeces is shaped like a spindle. Traps should be installed in the attic, along shelves and ledges, and next to rafters in the roof. Roof rats prefer to make their homes in the attic insulation and hollows, such as where the rafters meet the exterior walls.

What Are the Habitats of Norway Rats?

The Norway rat, unlike the roof rat, is not a climber. It travels and builds its nest in low-lying areas like basements, under piles of debris, and in lower levels of the house. Traps should be hidden in dark corners, along walls, and other hidden areas. The droppings of the Norway rat look like capsules.


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